Within Christianitythere are a variety of views on sexual orientation and homosexuality. The many Christian denominations vary in their position, from condemning homosexual acts as sinfulthrough being divided on the issue, to seeing it as morally acceptable. Even within a denomination, individuals and groups may hold different views.
Further, not all members a denomination necessarily support their church's views on homosexuality. Historically, from the earliest days, Christians have taught that same-sex acts are contrary to Biblical teaching: Tertullian — c.
This article focuses on the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, covering how the extent to which the Bible mentions the subject, whether or not it is condemned, and whether the various
Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity perspective on homosexuality and christianity apply today, have become contentious topics. Debate has arisen over the proper interpretation of the Levitical code; the story of Sodom and Gomorrah ; and various Pauline passages, and whether these verses condemn same-sex sexual activities.
The Catholic Church views as sinful any sexual act not related to procreation by couple joined Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity the Sacrament of Matrimony. The Eastern Orthodox churches,  like the Catholic Church, condemns only homosexual acts.
All Orthodox Church jurisdictions, such as the Orthodox
Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity in Americahave taken the approach of welcoming people with "homosexual feelings and emotions," while encouraging them to work towards "overcoming its harmful effects in their lives," and not allowing the sacraments to people who seek to justify homosexual activity.
Certain other Christian denominations do Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity view monogamous same-sex relationships as sinful or immoral, and may bless such unions and consider them marriages. The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland also allows prayer for same-sex couples. LGBT-affirming denominations regard homosexuality as a natural occurrence.
The United Church of Christ celebrates gay marriage
Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity some parts of the Anglican  and Lutheran  churches allow for the blessing of gay unions. The United Church of Canada also allows same-sex marriage, and views sexual orientation as a gift from God. Within the Lutheran communion, there are openly gay clergy, too, for example, bishop Eva Brunne is an openly lesbian Bishop in the Church of Sweden.
Such religious groups and denominations interpretation of scripture and doctrine leads them to accept that homosexuality is morally acceptable, and a natural occurrence. For example, Psychology perspective on homosexuality and Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity the United Church of CanadaPsychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity country's largest Protestant denomination, affirmed that "a All persons, regardless of their sexual orientation, who profess Jesus Christ and obedience to Him, are welcome to be or become full member of the Church ; and b All members of the Church are eligible to be considered for the Ordered Ministry.
In addition, some Christian denominations such as the Moravian Churchbelieve that the Bible speaks negatively of homosexual acts but, as research on the matter continues, the Moravian Church seeks to establish a policy on homosexuality and the ordination of homosexuals. Quakers were the first Christian group in the United Kingdom to advocate for equal marriage
Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity Quakers in Britain formally recognised same-sex relationships in Churches within Lutheranism hold stances on the issue ranging from labeling homosexual acts as sinful, to acceptance of homosexual relationships.
For example, the Lutheran Church—Missouri Synodthe Lutheran Church of Australiaand the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod recognize homosexual behavior as intrinsically sinful and seek to minister to those who are struggling with homosexual inclinations.
Some mainline Protestant denominations, such as the African Methodist churches    the Reformed Church in America and the Presbyterian Church in America have a conservative position on the subject. The Seventh-day Adventist Church "recognizes that every human being is valuable in the sight of God, and seeks to minister to all men and women [including homosexuals] in the spirit of Jesus," while maintaining that homosexual sex itself is forbidden in the Bible.
He offered caring ministry and words of solace to struggling people, while differentiating His love for sinners from His clear teaching about sinful practices. Most of the Anglican Communion does not approve of homosexual activity, with the exception of the Episcopal Churchthe Scottish Episcopal Church  and the Anglican Church of Canadawhich is facing a possible exclusion from international Anglican bodies over the issue. The positions of the evangelical churches are varied.
They range from liberal to conservativethrough moderate. Some evangelical churches in the United States have anti-gay activists who consider that homosexuality is at the root of many social problems. They have campaigned for laws criminalizing homosexuality.
Married with five children, Ted was an anti-gay activist and said he wanted to ban homosexuality from the church. Inhe was dismissed from his position as senior after a prostitute claimed to have had sex with him for 3 years. He was an anti-gay activist. Inhe was outed by his openly gay male escort. Rekers claimed to be attempting to convert the young men to Christianity and said that he hired him to carry his luggage.
There are some international evangelical denominations that are gay-friendlysuch as the Alliance of Baptists and Affirming Pentecostal Church International. Some churches have a moderate position. Although they do not approve homosexual practices, they show sympathy and respect for homosexuals. Reflecting this position, some pastors, for example, showed moderation during public statements.
For example, Pastor Joel Osteen of Lakewood Church in Houston said in he found it unfortunate that several Christian ministers focus on the homosexuality by forgetting the other sins described in the Bible. He said that Jesus Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity not come to condemn people, but to save them.
Pastor Andy Stanley of North Point Community Church in Alpharettamentioned in that the church should be the safest place on the planet for students to talk about anything, including same-sex attraction. There is also a movement of people who consider themselves "gay Evangelicals". Recognizing themselves as gay or bisexual, these young people believe that their attraction to same-sex people, while present, does not
Psychology perspective on homosexuality and them to have homosexual relationships.
They say that their Christian conversion did not instantly change their sexual desires. They insist that the church should always reject homosexual practices, but that it should welcome gay people. There are also believers gathered in Christian organizations of Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity orientation, such as Your Other Brothers or Voice of the Voicelesswho claim they have not been attracted to homosexuality Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity their new birthwithout
Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity to a conversion therapy.
The French evangelical pastor Philippe Auzenet, a chaplain of the association Oser en parler, regularly intervenes on the subject Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity the media.
Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity promotes dialogue and respect, as well as sensitization in order to better understand homosexuals.
Philip Igbinijesu, a pastor of the Lagos Word Assembly, an Evangelical churchsaid in a message to his church that the Nigerian law on homosexuality inciting denunciation was hateful. He recalled that homosexuals are creatures of God and that they should be treated with respect. Within the Stone-Campbell aligned restorationist churches the views are divergent. The United Church of Christ is an officially "open and affirming" church.
Other Restorationist churches such as The Brethren see Mennonite and Millerite churches, have taken mixed positions but are increasingly accepting with some of their congregations fully accepting LGBT persons in all aspects of religious and political life.
Many American Evangelical and Fundamentalist Christians regard homosexual acts as sinful  and think they should not be accepted by society. Christian objections to homosexual behavior are based upon their interpretations of the Bible. Some Christians interpret the book of Leviticus as prohibiting homosexual sex.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church states "men and women who have deep-seated homosexual tendencies The Vatican distinguishes between "deep-seated homosexual tendencies" and the "expression of a transitory problem", in relation to ordination to the priesthood ; saying in a document that homosexual tendencies "must be clearly overcome at least three years before ordination to the diaconate.
Confessional Lutheran churches teach that it is sinful to have homosexual desires, even if they do not lead to homosexual activity. Scripture clearly includes desires and inclinations toward sinful actions in the category of
Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity Mt 5: This is true of both homosexual and heterosexual sin.
However, confessional Lutherans Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity warn against selective morality which harshly condemns homosexuality while treating other sins more lightly. In opposing interpretations of the Bible that are supportive of homosexual relationships, conservative Christians have argued for the reliability of the Bible,   and the meaning of texts related to homosexual acts,   while often seeing what they call the diminishing of the authority of the Bible by many homosexual authors as being ideologically driven.
As an alternative to a school-sponsored Day of Silence opposing bullying of LGBT students, conservative Christians organized a Golden Rule Initiative, where they passed out cards saying "As a follower of Christ, I believe that all people created in Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity image of God and therefore deserve love and respect.
On August 29,the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood released a manifesto on human sexuality known as the "Nashville Statement".
The statement was signed by evangelical leaders, and includes 14 points of belief. Edwards makes a similar suggestion, observing that 'the context of the two prohibitions in Leviticus Some Christians believe that Biblical passages have been mistranslated or that these passages do not refer to LGBT orientation as currently understood. However, within these early texts there are many terms that modern scholars have interpreted differently from previous generations of scholars.
They cite these issues when arguing for a change in theological views on sexual relationships to what they say is an earlier view. They differentiate among various sexual treating rape, prostitution, or temple sex rituals as immoral and those within committed relationships as positive regardless of sexual orientation.
They view certain verses, which they believe refer only to homosexual rape, as not relevant to consensual homosexual relationships. Yale professor John Boswell has argued that a number of Early Christians entered into homosexual relationships,  and that certain Biblical figures had Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity relationships, such as Ruth and her mother-in-law NaomiDaniel and the court official Ashpenaz, and David and King Saul 's son Jonathan. Having partaken in such a rite, a person was prohibited from entering into marriage or taking monastic vows, and the choreography of the service itself closely parallelled that of the marriage rite.
Desmond Tututhe former Anglican Archbishop of Cape Town and a Nobel Peace Prize winner, has described homophobia as a "crime against humanity" and "every bit as unjust" as apartheid: It is the same with sexual orientation. Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity is a given. We treat them [gays and lesbians] as pariahs and push them outside our communities. We make them doubt that they too are children of God — Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity this must be nearly the ultimate blasphemy.
We blame them for what they are. Modern gay Christian leader Justin R. Cannon promotes what he calls "Inclusive Orthodoxy" not to be confused with the Eastern Orthodox Church. He explains on his ministry website: His ministry affirms the divine inspiration of the Bible, the authority of Tradition, and says " Today, many religious people are becoming more affirming of same-sex relationships, even in denominations with official stances against homosexuality.
In the United States, people in denominations who are against same-sex relationships are liberalizing quickly, though not as quickly as those in more affirming groups. George Barnaa conservative Christian author and researcher, conducted a survey in the United States in that found gay and lesbian people Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity a Christian affiliation were more numerous than had been presumed.
He characterized some of his leading conclusions from the data as follows: A substantial majority of gays cite faith as a central facet of their life, consider themselves to be Christian, and claim to have some type of meaningful Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity commitment to Jesus Christ active Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity their life today.
The data indicate that millions of gay people are interested in faith but not in the local church and do not appear to be focused on the traditional tools and traditions that
Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity the comfort zone of most churched Christians. Gay adults clearly have a different way of interpreting the Bible on a number of central theological matters, such as perspectives about God.
Homosexuals appreciate their faith but they do not prioritize it, and they tend to
Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity faith to be individual and private rather than communal. Respondents were not asked to describe themselves as " born again Psychology perspective on homosexuality and christianity, but as is standard in Barna this classification was defined according to basic standard criteria.
Chellew-Hodge, liberal Christian lesbian founder of online magazine Whosoeverresponded to the findings:.
All in all, I'm grateful for Barna even wandering into the subject of gay and lesbian religious belief. I think his study is important and can go a long way to dispelling the old "gays vs. God" dichotomy that too often gets played out in the media.