Jaws is a American
Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating film directed by Steven Spielberg and based on Peter Benchley 's novel of the same name. In it, a giant man-eating great white shark attacks beachgoers on Amity Island, a fictional New England summer resort townprompting police chief Martin Brody Roy Scheider to hunt it with help of a marine biologist Richard Dreyfuss and a professional shark hunter Robert Shaw.
Murray Hamilton plays the mayor, and Lorraine Gary portrays Brody's wife. The screenplay is credited to Benchley, who wrote the first drafts, and actor-writer Carl Gottliebwho rewrote the script during principal photography. Shot mostly on location on Martha's Vineyard in MassachusettsJaws had a troubled production, going over budget and past schedule. As the art department's mechanical sharks often malfunctioned, Spielberg decided to mostly suggest the shark's presence, employing an ominous and minimalistic theme created by composer John Williams to indicate its impending appearances.
Spielberg and others have compared this suggestive approach to that of thriller director Alfred Hitchcock. Universal Pictures gave the film what was then an exceptionally wide Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating for a major studio picture, on over screens, accompanied by an extensive marketing campaign with a heavy emphasis on television spots and tie-in merchandise. Considered one of the greatest films ever madeJaws was the prototypical summer blockbusterwith its release regarded as a watershed moment in motion picture history and won several awards for its music and editing.
It became the highest-grossing film of all time until the release of Star Wars in Both films were pivotal in establishing the modern Hollywood business model, which revolves around high box-office returns from action and adventure pictures with simple high-concept premises released during the summer in thousands of theaters and heavily advertised.
It was followed by three sequelsall without Spielberg or Benchley, and many imitative thrillers. Init was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registrybeing deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". During a beach party at dusk on Amity
Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating, New Englanda woman, Chrissie Watkins, goes skinny dipping in the ocean.
While treading watershe is violently pulled under. The next day, her partial remains are found on shore. The medical examiner's ruling that the death was due to a shark attack leads police chief Martin Brody to close the beaches.
Mayor Larry Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating overrules him, fearing that the town's summer economy will be ruined. The coroner Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating concurs with the mayor's theory that Chrissie was killed in a boating accident.
Brody reluctantly accepts their conclusion until another fatal shark attack occurs shortly A bounty is placed on the shark, prompting an amateur shark-hunting frenzy. Meanwhile, consulting oceanographer Matt Hooper examines Chrissie's remains, and confirms her death was caused by a shark—an unusually large one. When local fishermen catch a tiger sharkthe mayor proclaims the beaches safe.
Hooper disputes that it is the same predator, confirming this after no human remains are found inside it. Hooper and Brody find a half-sunken vessel while searching the night waters in Hooper's boat. Underwater,
Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating retrieves a sizable great white shark 's tooth embedded in the submerged hull. He drops it in fright after encountering a partial corpse. Vaughn discounts Brody and Hooper's claims that a huge great white shark is responsible for the deaths, and refuses to close the beaches, allowing only added safety precautions.
On the Fourth of July weekend, tourists pack the beaches. Following a juvenile prank in which the presence of a shark is simulated, the real shark enters a nearby estuarykilling a boater and causing Brody's oldest son, Michael, to go into shock. Brody then convinces Vaughn to hire Quint. Quint, Brody, and Hooper set out on Quint's boat, the Orcato hunt the shark. While Brody lays down a chum line, Quint waits for an opportunity to hook the shark.
Without warning, it appears behind the boat. Quint, estimating its length at 25 feet 7. At nightfall, Quint and Hooper drunkenly exchange stories about their assorted scars and Quint reveals that he survived the USS Indianapolis. The shark returns unexpectedly, ramming the boat's hull, and disabling the power. The men work through the night, repairing the engine. In the morning, Brody attempts to call the Coast Guard, but Quint, who has become obsessed with killing the shark without outside assistance, smashes the radio.
After a long chase, Quint harpoons another barrel into the shark. The line is tied to the stern cleats, but the shark drags the boat backward, swamping the deck and flooding the engine compartment.
Quint prepares to sever the line to prevent the transom from being pulled out but the cleats break off, keeping the barrels attached to the shark. Quint heads toward shore to draw the shark into shallower waters, but he intentionally pushes the damaged engine past the safety limits and the overtaxed engine fails.
With the Orca slowly sinking, the trio attempt a riskier approach. Hooper puts on scuba gear and enters the water in a shark-proof cageintending to lethally inject the shark with strychnineusing a hypodermic spear. The shark demolishes the cage before Hooper can inject it, he manages to escape to the seabed. The shark then attacks the boat directly and devours Quint.
Trapped on the sinking vessel, Brody stuffs a pressurized scuba tank into the shark's mouth, and, climbing the crow's nest, shoots the tank with a rifle. The resulting explosion obliterates the shark. Hooper surfaces, and he and Brody paddle back to Amity Island clinging to the remaining barrels. Brown came across it in the literature section of lifestyle magazine Cosmopolitanthen edited by his wife, Helen Gurley Brown. A small card written by the Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating book editor gave a detailed description of the plot, concluding with the comment "might make a good movie".
The year-old had just directed his first theatrical film, The Sugarland Expressfor Zanuck and Brown. At the end of a meeting Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating their office, Spielberg noticed their copy of the still-unpublished Benchley novel, and after reading it was immediately captivated.
Before production began, however, Spielberg grew reluctant to continue with Jawsin fear of becoming typecast as the "truck and shark director". Principal photography was set to begin in May Universal wanted the shoot to finish by the end of June, when the major studios' contract with the Screen Actors Guild was due to expire, to avoid any disruptions due to a potential strike.
For the screen adaptation, Spielberg wanted to stay with the novel's basic plot, but discarded many of Benchley's subplots. Spielberg, who felt that the characters in Benchley's script were still unlikable, invited the young screenwriter John Byrum to do a rewrite, but he declined the offer. Spielberg wanted "some levity"
Doug gottlieb white Jawshumor Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating would avoid making it "a dark sea hunt", so he turned to his friend Carl Gottlieba comedy writer-actor then working on the sitcom The Odd Couple.
Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating perspective on dating
He passed the audition one week before Spielberg took him to meet the producers regarding a writing job. While the deal was initially for a "one-week dialogue polish", Gottlieb eventually became the primary screenwriter, rewriting the entire script during a nine-week period of principal photography.
Many pieces of dialogue originated from the actors' improvisations during these meals; a few were created on set, most notably Roy Scheider's ad-lib of the line "You're gonna
Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating a bigger boat. Benchley had written Jaws after reading about sport fisherman Frank Mundus 's capture of an enormous shark in According to Gottlieb, Quint Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating loosely based on Mundus, whose book Sportfishing for Sharks he read for research.
Spielberg described it as a collaboration between Sackler, Milius, and actor Robert Shawwho was also a playwright. Though Spielberg complied with a request from Zanuck and Brown to cast known actors,  he wanted to avoid hiring any big stars. He felt that "somewhat anonymous" performers would help the "believe this was happening to people like you and me", whereas "stars a lot of memories along with them, and those memories can sometimes One example was Deputy Hendricks, played future television producer Jeffrey Kramer.
The role of Brody was offered to Robert Duvallbut the actor was interested only in portraying Quint. Nine days before the start of production, neither Quint nor Hooper had been cast.
And they were right. For the role of Hooper, Spielberg initially wanted Jon Voight. Disappointed in his performance and fearing that no one would want to hire him once Kravitz was released, he immediately called Spielberg and accepted the role in Jaws.
Because the film the director envisioned was so dissimilar to Benchley's novel, Spielberg asked Dreyfuss not to read it. Principal photography began May 2, on the island of Martha's VineyardMassachusetts, selected after consideration was given to eastern Long Island.
Brown explained later that the production "needed a vacation area that was lower middle class enough so that an appearance of a shark would destroy the tourist business. Three full-size pneumatically powered prop sharks—which the film crew nicknamed "Bruce" after Spielberg's lawyer, Bruce Ramer—were made for the production: Their construction involved a team of as many as 40 effects technicians, supervised by mechanical effects supervisor Bob Matteybest known for creating the giant squid in 20, Leagues Under the Sea.
After the sharks were completed, they were trucked to the shooting location. Jaws was the first major motion picture to be Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating on the ocean,  resulting in a troubled shoot and went far over budget.
The former was epitomized by his insistence on shooting at sea with a life-sized shark; "I could have shot the movie in the tank or even in a protected lake somewhere, but it would not have looked the same," he said. I was pretty naive about mother nature and the hubris of a filmmaker who thinks he can conquer the elements was foolhardy, but I was too young to know I was being foolhardy when
Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating demanded that we shoot the film Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating the Atlantic Ocean and not in a North Hollywood tank.
Shooting at sea led to many delays: From the first Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating test onward, the "non-absorbent" neoprene foam that made up Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating sharks' skin soaked up liquid, causing the sharks to balloon, and the sea-sled model frequently got entangled among forests of seaweed. Shaw also fled to Canada whenever he could due to tax problems,  engaged in binge drinkingand developed a grudge against Dreyfuss, who was getting rave reviews for his performance in Duddy Kravitz.
The delays proved beneficial in some regards. The script was refined during production, and the Doug gottlieb white perspective on dating mechanical sharks forced Spielberg to shoot many scenes so that the shark was only hinted at. For example, for much of the shark hunt, its location is indicated by the floating yellow barrels. This forced restraint is widely thought to have added to the film's suspense. It made me become more like Alfred Hitchcock than like Ray Harryhausen.
Footage of real sharks was shot by Ron and Valerie Taylor Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating the waters Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating Dangerous Reef in South Australiawith a short actor in a miniature shark cage to create the illusion that the sharks were
Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating. The footage of the cage attack was so stunning that Spielberg was eager to incorporate it in the film.
No one had been in the cage at the time, however, and the script, following the novel, originally had the shark killing Hooper in it. The storyline was consequently altered to have Hooper escape from the cage, which allowed the footage to be used. Although principal photography was scheduled to take 55 days, it did not wrap until October 6,after days. Fields, who had completed a rough cut of the first two-thirds of the Doug gottlieb white mans perspective on dating, up until the shark hunt, finished the editing and reworked some of the material.
According to Zanuck, "She actually came in and reconstructed some scenes that Steven had constructed for comedy and made them terrifying, and some scenes he shot to be terrifying and made them comedy scenes. Two scenes were altered following test screenings.